Rise of Trade and Towns
Which of the following was NOT a reason why Venice developed into a leading port and center of trade?
It was located on the Atlantic Ocean.
Its people traded products from the sea for other goods.
It lacked good land for farming.
It was located on the major sea routes that connected western Europe other areas.
Which of the following statements about merchants in the Middle Ages is NOT TRUE?
Fairs were temporary gatherings set up by merchants for trade.
Merchants set up their marketplaces close to a castle or a monastery in order to store their goods there.
Merchant settlements came to be called burgs.
Markets became centers of business and social life and grew into communities in which people lived.
Which statement about towns in the 1200s-1300s is most accurate?
Towns were wealthy and clean, and most people lived in luxury.
The surrounding walls and towers kept diseased rats from carrying the plague out of European towns.
When people fled towns for the countryside during the plague, farming and trading increased.
Towns were overcrowded, unhealthy places to live.
Which statement about guilds is most accurate?
Guilds were formed to make sure that their members were treated with respect.
When guilds began producing inferior products, merchants started to challenge the control of the guilds.
Guilds were formed to make sure that their members were treated equally.
Guilds resulted in artisans having a difficult time finding enough apprentices to learn their crafts.
Which statement about cultural changes in the 1400s is most accurate?
Feudalism was strengthened as townspeople began to see the advantages of manor life.
Feudalism declined as townspeople, who had become wealthier than some nobles, called for a strong central government.
As townspeople became wealthier, they became less interested in learning and the arts.
Merchants, artisans, and bankers lost the power that they had gained earlier.
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