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Country Databank

Unit 7: Africa South of the Sahara

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Country Population And Density
Percent Urban Percent Of Population Projected Population Change 2002-2050 (Percent) Estimated Population 2050 Infant Mortality Rate Per 1,000 Average Number of Children per Female Life Expectancy GDP Per Capita in Dollars  Literacy Rate (%) Telephones (Mainline) Per 1,000 Cell Phones Per 1,000 Televisions Per 1,000 Personal Computers Per 1,000 Daily Caloric Supply Percent of People With Access to Medicines Country
Under 15 Over 65 Total Male Female
Angola 13,100,000 32 48 3 319 53,300,000 122 6.8 45 44 47 1,330 42 5 2 16 1.1 1,983 20 Angola
27 per sq. mi.
10 per sq. km
Benin 7,000,000 39 46 3 173 18,100,000 85 5.6 54 53 56 1,040 37.5 8 9 10 1.6 2,415 77 Benin
162 per sq. mi.
63 per sq. km
Botswana 1,600,000 49 41 4 -27 1,200,000 60 3.9 39 39 40 7,800 69.8 93 123 19 37 2,272 90 Botswana
7 per sq. mi.
3 per sq. km
Burkina Faso 13,200,000 15 49 3 172 34,300,000 105 6.8 47 46 47 1,040 36 4 2 11 1.3 2,137 60 Burkina Faso
125 per sq. mi.
48 per sq. km
Burundi 6,100,000 8 48 3 202 20,200,000 116 6.8 41 40 41 600 35.3 3 2 4 Data not available 1,708 20 Burundi
567 per sq. mi.
219 per sq. km
Cameroon 15,700,000 48 43 3 114 34,700,000 77 4.9 55 54 56 1,700 63.4 6 10 28 3.3 2,175 66 Cameroon
86 per sq. mi.
33 per sq. km
Cape Verde 500,000 53 43 7 81 800,000 31 4 69 66 72 1,500 71.6 126 45 38 Data not available 3,135 80 Cape Verde
305 per sq. mi.
118 per sq. km
Central African Republic 3,700,000 39 44 4 75 6,400,000 98 5.1 44 42 46 1,300 60 3 1 5 1.7 1,938 50 Central African Republic
15 per sq. mi.
6 per sq. km
Chad 9,300,000 21 48 3 270 33,300,000 103 6.6 51 49 53 1,030 40 1 1 1 Data not available 1,972 46 Chad
19 per sq. mi.
7 per sq. km
Country Population And Density
Percent Urban Percent Of Population Projected Population Change 2002-2050 (Percent) Estimated Population 2050 Infant Mortality Rate Per 1,000 Average Number of Children per Female Life Expectancy GDP Per Capita in Dollars  Literacy Rate (%) Telephones (Mainline) Per 1,000 Cell Phones Per 1,000 Televisions Per 1,000 Personal Computers Per 1,000 Daily Caloric Supply Percent of People With Access to Medicines Country
Under 15 Over 65 Total Male Female
Comoros 600,000 29 46 5 199 1,800,000 86 6.8 56 54 59 710 57.3 10 0 2 4.3 1,824 90 Comoros
735 per sq. mi.
284 per sq. km
Congo 3,700,000 41 46 3 235 10,700,000 72 6.3 51 49 53 900 74.9 7 24 11 Data not available 2,107 61 Congo
28 per sq. mi.
11 per sq. km
Democratic Republic of the Congo 56,600,000 29 48 3 229 181,900,000 102 6.9 49 47 51 590 77.3 Data not available Data not available 121 Data not available 1,815 Data not available Democratic Republic of the Congo
63 per sq. mi.
24 per sq. km
Côte d’Ivoire 17,000,000 46 47 2 112 35,700,000 95 5.2 45 44 47 1,550 48.5 18 30 67 6.1 2,421 80 Côte d’Ivoire
136 per sq. mi.
53 per sq. km
Djibouti 700,000 83 43 3 64 1,100,000 117 5.9 43 42 44 1,400 46.2 15 Data not available 47 10.2 1,920 80 Djibouti
73 per sq. mi.
28 per sq. km
Equatorial Guinea 500,000 37 44 4 185 1,400,000 108 5.9 51 49 53 2,100 78.5 13 Data not available 8 Data not available Data not available 44 Equatorial Guinea
47 per sq. mi.
18 per sq. km
Eritrea 4,400,000 16 43 3 198 13,300,000 77 5.9 56 53 58 740 25 8 0 0.2 1.6 1,585 57 Eritrea
96 per sq. mi.
37 per sq km
Ethiopia 70,700,000 15 44 3 155 172,700,000 97 5.9 52 51 53 700 35.5 4 Data not available 10 0.9 1,845 66 Ethiopia
166 per sq. mi.
64 per sq. km
Gabon 1,300,000 73 40 6 47 1,800,000 57 4.3 50 49 51 5,500 63.2 32 98 53 9.8 2,517 30 Gabon
13 per sq. mi.
5 per sq. km
Gambia 1,500,000 37 45 3 186 4,200,000 82 5.8 53 51 55 1,770 47.5 26 4 4 11.5 2,332 90 Gambia
344 per sq. mi.
133 per sq. km
Country Population And Density
Percent Urban Percent Of Population Projected Population Change 2002-2050 (Percent) Estimated Population 2050 Infant Mortality Rate Per 1,000 Average Number of Children per Female Life Expectancy GDP Per Capita in Dollars  Literacy Rate (%) Telephones (Mainline) Per 1,000 Cell Phones Per 1,000 Televisions Per 1,000 Personal Computers Per 1,000 Daily Caloric Supply Percent of People With Access to Medicines Country
Under 15 Over 65 Total Male Female
Ghana 20,500,000 37 43 3 58 32,000,000 56 4.3 58 56 59 1,980 64.5 12 6 95 3 2,560 44 Ghana
222 per sq. mi.
86 per sq. km
Guinea 9,000,000 26 44 3 147 20,700,000 119 5.5 48 47 48 1,970 35.9 8 5 11 3.7 2,099 93 Guinea
95 per sq. mi.
37 per sq. km
Guinea-Bissau 1,300,000 22 44 4 161 3,300,000 126 6 45 43 46 900 34 9 0 Data not available Data not available 2,381 44 Guinea-Bissau
92 per sq. mi.
36 per sq. km
Kenya 31,600,000 20 44 3 20 37,400,000 74 4.4 48 47 49 1,000 78.1 10 4 24 4.9 1,971 36 Kenya
141 per sq. mi.
54 per sq. km
Lesotho 1,800,000 16 40 5 29 2,800,000 84 4.3 51 50 52 2,450 83 10 10 Data not available Data not available 2,209 80 Lesotho
153 per sq. mi.
59 per sq. km
Liberia 3,300,000 45 43 3 204 10,000,000 139 6.6 50 49 52 1,100 38.3 Data not available Data not available 22 Data not available 1,640 30 Liberia
77 per sq. mi.
20 per sq. km
Madagascar 17,000,000 22 45 3 178 47,000,000 96 5.8 55 53 57 870 80 3 4 20 2.2 2,001 65 Madagascar
75 per sq. mi.
29 per sq. km
Malawi 11,700,000 20 46 3 38 15,000,000 104 6.5 38 37 38 660 58 4 5 Data not available 1.2 2,097 44 Malawi
255 per sq. mi.
98 per sq. km
Mali 11,600,000 26 47 3 221 36,400,000 113 6.8 47 46 48 840 38 3 1 4 1.2 2,027 60 Mali
24 per sq. mi.
9 per sq. km
Mauritania 2,900,000 55 44 3 175 7,200,000 74 4.7 53 53 55 1,800 41.2 7 3 36 9.4 2,653 66 Mauritania
7 per sq. mi.
3 per sq. km
Country Population And Density
Percent Urban Percent Of Population Projected Population Change 2002-2050 (Percent) Estimated Population 2050 Infant Mortality Rate Per 1,000 Average Number of Children per Female Life Expectancy GDP Per Capita in Dollars  Literacy Rate (%) Telephones (Mainline) Per 1,000 Cell Phones Per 1,000 Televisions Per 1,000 Personal Computers Per 1,000 Daily Caloric Supply Percent of People With Access to Medicines Country
Under 15 Over 65 Total Male Female
Mauritius 1,200,000 43 26 6 22 1,500,000 13.7 1.9 72 68 75 10,800 82.9 235 151 215 100.5 2,952 100 Mauritius
1,550 per sq. mi.
598 per sq. km
Mozambique 17,500,000 28 45 3 17 22,900,000 135 5.6 38 38 37 900 42.3 4 3 3 3 1,799 50 Mozambique
56 per sq. mi.
22 per sq. km
Namibia 1,900,000 27 43 4 35 2,500,000 72 4.9 43 44 41 4,500 38 63 47 33 34.2 2,168 80 Namibia
6 per sq. mi.
2 per sq. km
Niger 12,100,000 17 50 2 346 51,900,000 123 8 45 45 46 820 15.3 2 Data not available 12 0.5 2,116 66 Niger
25 per sq. mi.
10 per sq. km
Nigeria 133,900,000 36 44 3 134 303,600,000 75 5.8 52 52 52 840 57.1 4 Data not available 55 6.6 2,609 10 Nigeria
375 per sq. mi.
146 per sq. km
Rwanda 8,300,000 5 44 3 20 8,900,000 107 5.8 39 39 40 1,000 48 2 5 Data not available Data not available 2,142 44 Rwanda
817 per sq. mi.
315 per sq. km
Sao Tome and Principe 200,000 44 48 4 195 500,000 50 6.1 65 64 67 1,200 79.3 31 0 115 Data not available 2,156 Data not available Sao Tome and Principe
475 per sq. mi.
183 per sq. km
Senegal 10,600,000 43 44 3 129 22,700,000 68 5.2 53 52 55 1,580 39.1 22 26 37 16.8 2,394 Data not available Senegal
139 per sq. mi.
54 per sq. km
Seychelles 100,000 63 29 8 6 100,000 10 2.1 70 67 73 7,600 58 235 320 110 135.6 2,424 Data not available Seychelles
501 per sq. mi.
193 per sq. km
Country Population And Density
Percent Urban Percent Of Population Projected Population Change 2002-2050 (Percent) Estimated Population 2050 Infant Mortality Rate Per 1,000 Average Number of Children per Female Life Expectancy GDP Per Capita in Dollars  Literacy Rate (%) Telephones (Mainline) Per 1,000 Cell Phones Per 1,000 Televisions Per 1,000 Personal Computers Per 1,000 Daily Caloric Supply Percent of People With Access to Medicines Country
Under 15 Over 65 Total Male Female
Sierra Leone 5,700,000 37 44 3 166 14,900,000 153 6.5 39 38 40 500 31.4 4 2 10 Data not available 2,002 44 Sierra Leone
207 per sq. mi.
80 per sq. km
Somalia 8,000,000 28 44 3 229 25,500,000 126 7.2 47 45 48 550 37.8 Data not available Data not available 18 Data not available 1,505 18 Somalia
33 per sq. mi.
13 per sq. km
South Africa 44,000,000 54 34 5 -25 32,500,000 45 2.9 51 50 52 9,400 85 114 190 138 61.8 2,933 80 South Africa
93 per sq. mi.
36 per sq. km
Sudan 38,100,000 27 40 3 95 63,500,000 82 4.9 56 55 57 1,360 46.1 12 1 75 3.2 2,391 15 Sudan
39 per sq. mi.
15 per sq. km
Swaziland 1,200,000 25 46 3 80 2,000,000 109 5.9 40 40 41 4,200 78.3 32 33 21 Data not available 2,529 100 Swaziland
173 per sq. mi.
67 per sq. km
Tanzania 35,400,000 22 45 3 137 88,300,000 99 5.6 52 51 53 610 67.8 5 5 3 2.8 2,028 66 Tanzania
97 per sq. mi.
per sq. km
Togo 5,400,000 31 47 2 84 9,700,000 80 5.8 55 53 57 1,500 51.7 9 11 14 21.6 2,155 70 Togo
248 per sq. mi.
96 per sq. km
Uganda 25,300,000 16 51 2 241 84,100,000 88 6.9 43 42 44 1,200 62.7 3 8 21 2.7 2,110 70 Uganda
271 per sq. mi.
105 per sq. km
Zambia 10,400,000 38 48 3 104 20,300,000 95 5.7 37 37 37 870 78.9 8 9 28 6.7 1,939 66 Zambia
37 per sq. mi.
14 per sq. km
Zimbabwe 12,600,000 32 44 3 -18 10,100,000 65 4 38 39 36 2,450 85 18 23 32 11.9 2,083 70 Zimbabwe
83 per sq. mi.
32 per sq. km
United States 291,500,000 75 21 13 44 413,500,000 6.6 2.1 77 74 80 36,300 97 700 398 770 585.2 3,642 99 United States
291 per sq. mi.
78 per sq. km

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