America and World War II, 1941–1945
How did the federal government motivate industry to convert to war production?
It implemented a law requiring industry to convert most of its production to war materials.
It enforced restrictions on companies that produced non-war materials.
It instituted a lucrative pricing policy and offered loans for conversion.
It agreed to pay manufacturers whatever price they set for war materials.
The United States employed new armed services policies during World War II that included all of the following EXCEPT __________.
a peacetime Selective Service and Training Act
the establishment of women’s units in the armed forces
the complete integration of the military
the placement of African American soldiers in combat positions
What was the key to the United States's success in the Battle of the Coral Sea?
long-range B-25 bombers
decoded Japanese messages
the refusal of American forces to abandon New Guinea
the destruction of four Japanese aircraft carriers
Why is the Battle of Stalingrad considered a turning point of the war?
because the Soviets captured 250,000 German troops
because the Soviets refused to retreat
because Hitler was unable to impact the Soviet economy
because Germany remained on the defensive for the rest of the war
A. Philip Randolph’s march on Washington was planned to pressure President Roosevelt to __________.
integrate the military and to encourage defense industries to hire African American workers
encourage defense industries to hire women
encourage defense industries to hire Mexicans
establish branches of the armed services for African Americans
Rising prices and shortages during World War II led millions of Americans to do all of the following EXCEPT __________.
sell their war bonds
plant victory gardens
participate in scrap drives
use ration coupons
Why did British Prime Minister Winston Churchill suggest that the Allies attack the Axis on the island of Sicily?
because he believed that Italy had left the island unprotected
because he believed that the Italians would abandon the war if Allies invaded their homeland
because he believed that a sea invasion was possible along the island’s long coastline
because he believed that it would serve as the best entry into German-held territory
What American strategy drove back the Japanese in the Pacific?
a direct invasion of Japan
a firebombing of Japanese territories
an offensive called Operation Overlord to recapture Allied territories
a plan to capture island after island in a path toward Japan
Why did American forces invade Okinawa?
It was the next island in their island-hopping strategy.
They needed a base close to Japan from which to carry out an invasion of Japan.
They needed an island close to Japan where B-29s could refuel.
The seat of the Japanese government was in Okinawa.
The war trials that were held after World War II accomplished all of the following EXCEPT __________.
prosecution of German and Japanese leaders for their war crimes
sentencing of German military leaders to execution and prison sentences
sentencing of Japanese military leaders to execution and prison sentences
sentencing of the Japanese emperor
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