A World in Flames, 1934–1941
Italians were drawn to Mussolini’s Fascist ideals because he promised that __________.
all citizens would share in ownership in the production, distribution, and exchange of goods
fascism would protect Italy from communism and restore Italy’s social order
individuals’ rights would be given precedence over the strength of the nation
the government would withdraw from foreign affairs and adopt an isolationist position
The European governments established in Italy, Russia, and Germany after World War I shared all of the following features EXCEPT __________.
they were communist governments
they were expansionistic governments
they were dictator governments
the governments tolerated no opposition
Isolationists applauded the Neutrality Act of 1935 because ___________.
it outlawed war, an action which many Americans believed would end war forever
it addressed the issue that many European nations had reneged on their war debts
it addressed arms sales, an issue that many Americans believed had helped bring the United States into World War I
it declared that the United States would remain neutral in the event of foreign wars
How did European leaders respond to Hitler’s plans to unite the German-speaking regions of Europe?
They called for a democratic vote within those regions.
They approved of his peaceful plan to gather the regions under the German flag.
They agreed to his demands, thinking that this would avoid war.
They organized troops to defend those regions against German control.
Why did the Soviets enter into a non-aggression pact with Germany?
because their leaders shared the same political philosophies
because Hitler threatened to invade the USSR
because the Soviets did not seek to expand their empire
because Germany and the USSR agreed to divide Poland once it was conquered
In the early stages of World War II, the MOST important defense that Britain had against German bombing was __________.
the British navy
the British air force
the British army
the support of the United States military
What spurred Hitler to order the violent attacks against Jews that became known as
the murder of a German diplomat
the passage of the Nuremberg Laws
the refusal by the Cuban government to allow the SS
to dock in Cuba
the solution that Nazi leaders had reached at the Wannsee Conference
What was the Nazis’ “final solution of the Jewish question”?
to round up Jews and shoot them
to force Jews into trucks and kill them with exhaust fumes
to round up Jews and send them to concentration and extermination camps
to round up Jews and deport them to other nations
While proclaiming the United States neutral, Roosevelt helped Britain in all of the following ways EXCEPT __________.
by ordering the United States Navy to protect British cargo ships in the Atlantic
by providing Britain with old American destroyers in exchange for bases
by revising the neutrality laws to allow the United States to sell arms on a cash-and-carry basis
by crafting the Lend-Lease Act that allowed the United States to provide military supplies to the Allies
What motivated the Japanese to formalize their alliance with Germany and Italy?
the United States’s lend-lease aid to China
the United States's embargo on strategic materials
failed peace negotiations between the United States and Japan
the signing of the Atlantic Charter by the United States and Britain
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