The Civil Rights Movement, 1954–1968
Which group used legal suits to fight segregation during the first half of the 1900s?
African American leaders founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference to __________.
eliminate segregation and win voting rights for African Americans
challenge segregation of public schools and public transportation in the courts
organize the bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama
fight segregation and encourage African Americans to vote
How did the Civil Rights Act of 1957 change the way that the federal government enforced civil rights?
It created federal offices to take legal action against anyone interfering with the right to vote.
It gave the states jurisdiction in addressing issues regarding individuals’ voting rights.
It authorized the president to use federal troops in the enforcement of federal laws.
It created federal offices to ensure the racial integration of public facilities.
Most of the members of SNCC were __________.
African American college students
white college students
Students from Northern colleges
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 impacted civil rights in all of the following ways EXCEPT __________.
it gave the attorney general more power to bring lawsuits to force school desegregation
it required private employers to end discrimination in the workplace
it authorized the attorney general to send federal examiners to register qualified voters
it established a government agency to monitor the ban on job discrimination
To pressure the president and Congress to act on new voting rights legislation, civil rights leaders organized __________.
a march on Washington
a march in Selma, Alabama
demonstrations in Birmingham, Alabama
sit-ins across the South
All of the following define the race riots that occurred between 1965 and 1968 EXCEPT __________.
many of the race riots lasted for days
all of the riots occurred in the inner cities of the Northeast
the riots caused death and destruction
the police, National Guard, and the U.S. Army participated in controlling the riots
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., and the black power movement divided over __________.
the effectiveness of nonviolent protests
the importance of economic opportunity for African Americans
the importance of the civil rights movement in the North
the need to work with local leaders to improve inner cities
Why did Malcolm X break with the Black Muslims by 1964?
He thought the Black Muslims did not move fast enough toward African American self-government.
He disagreed with the leadership.
He wanted to join forces with Dr. King.
After seeing Muslims from many different races worshipping together in Makkah, he concluded that an integrated society was possible.
What happened in 1968 that dramatically changed the momentum of the civil rights movement?
CORE and SNCC grew more militant.
Malcolm X was killed.
Dr. Martin Luther King was assassinated.
Riots broke out in inner city neighborhoods.
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