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Chapter 11: Human Genetics

Practice Test
  1.The presence of three of one kind of chromosome is known as _________ .  
  a.   translocation  
  b.   karyotyping  
  c.   hemophilia  
  d.   trisomy  
  2.What two kinds of ions are involved in cystic fibrosis?  
  a.   sodium and chloride ions  
  b.   sodium and sulfur ions  
  c.   chloride and iron ions  
  d.   iron and hydrogen ions  
  3.What body system does Huntington's disease affect?  
  a.   the respiratory system  
  b.   the circulatory system  
  c.   the digestive system  
  d.   the nervous system  
  4.In what procedure can a physician look directly at a fetus inside the womb to check for abnormalities?  
  a.   amniocentesis  
  b.   gene therapy  
  c.   chorionic villus biopsy  
  d.   fetoscopy  
  5.What process do prospective parents go through when they want to be sure any future child will be free of genetic defects?  
  a.   genetic engineering  
  b.   marriage counseling  
  c.   gene therapy  
  d.   genetic counseling  
  6.What is a picture of human chromosomes?  
  a.   karyotype  
  b.   fetoscope  
  c.   ultrasound  
  d.   chorionic biopsy  
  7.Which of these is NOT a normal treatment for people with sickle-cell anemia?  
  a.   physical therapy  
  b.   blood transfusions  
  c.   drugs that increase oxygen-carrying capacity of blood cells  
  d.   antibiotics  
  8.What is the process in which cells from a tissue inside the womb are removed and grown to provide a karyotype of the fetus?  
  a.   gene therapy  
  b.   chorionic villus biopsy  
  c.   genetic counseling  
  d.   amniocentesis  
  9.What is the most commonly inherited disease among black people?  
  a.   hemophilia  
  b.   cystic fibrosis  
  c.   sickle-cell anemia  
  d.   Huntington's disease  
  10.What is the disease in which blood does not clot normally?  
  a.   hemophilia  
  b.   sickle-cell anemia  
  c.   cystic fibrosis  
  d.   Huntington's disease  

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