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Chapter 8: The Cell Cycle

Practice Test
  1.DNA strands are parallel but run in opposite directions. What is this arrangement known as?  
  a.   alternate structure  
  b.   antiparallel structure  
  c.   parallel structure  
  d.   opposite structure  
  2.In DNA, the nitrogen base adenine only pairs with the nitrogen base _______ .  
  a.   thymine  
  b.   guanine  
  c.   cytosine  
  d.   uracil  
  3.What is the enzyme that catalyzes the formation of the new DNA strands?  
  a.   cyclin  
  b.   histone  
  c.   DNA polymerase  
  d.   kinase  
  4.Which of these is the stage in the cell cycle during which the cell prepares to divide?  
  a.   M  
  b.   S  
  c.   G2  
  d.   G1  
  5.In what stage of the cell cycle are most cells found in adult multicellular organisms?  
  a.   G1  
  b.   G2  
  c.   S  
  d.   G0  
  6.Eukaryotic cell division is part of a complex series of stages in the life of a cell, called ____________ .  
  a.   circulation  
  b.   the cell cycle  
  c.   the life cycle  
  d.   homeostasis  
  7.In an eukaryotic cell, what controls the stages of the cell cycle?  
  a.   kinases  
  b.   proteins called histones  
  c.   proteins called cyclins  
  d.   DNA polymerase  
  8.What is the result of the synthesis of DNA?  
  a.   one strand of DNA and its complementary RNA strand  
  b.   two double-stranded DNA molecules  
  c.   four single-stranded DNA molecules  
  d.   two double-stranded RNA molecules  
  9.What is another term for mitosis?  
  a.   nuclear division  
  b.   cytokinesis  
  c.   S stage  
  d.   interphase  
  10.Which is the correct order of the stages of mitosis, beginning with interphase of the cell cycle?  
  a.   telophase, prophase, metaphase, telophase  
  b.   anaphase, telophase, prophase, metaphase  
  c.   metaphase, anaphase, telophase, prophase  
  d.   prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase  

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