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Chapter 2: Magnetism

Practice Test
      
  1.The magnetic field of Earth protects us from high-energy, charged particles from the sun. What is the fate of the charged particles that encounter Earth's magnetic field?  
  a.   Particles are trapped in a region over the equator called the Van Allen Belts.  
  b.   Particles interact with gases in the atmosphere to create the northern lights.  
  d.   All of the above.  
  Hint    
      
  2.Suppose a charged particle from the sun is traveling through Earth's magnetic field. What effect does the magnetic field have on this moving charge?  
  a.   The magnetic field exerts a force on the particle at right angles to the lines of the magnetic field.  
  b.   The magnetic field has no effect on the direction of the traveling particle.  
  d.   All of the above.  
  Hint    
      
  3.How does Magnetic Resonance Imaging work?  
  a.   A large magnet helps the body repair arthritic joints.  
  b.   A changing magnetic field is used to perform surgery without cutting.  
  d.   All of the above.  
  Hint    
      
  4.High-voltage wires are best for long distance electrical wires, but are dangerous for household use. A transformer may be used to change the voltage to an appropriate amount. What is the working principle behind a transformer?  
  a.   An electrical current in one wire is used to induce a current in another wire.  
  b.   Spinning a coil of wire near a permanent magnet induces a current.  
  d.   All of the above.  
  Hint    
      
  5.If two bar magnets, with labeled north and south poles, are brought close together and allowed to interact, what might you observe?  
  a.   Like poles repel, different poles attract.  
  b.   Like poles attract, different poles repel.  
  c.   Two north poles attract, two south poles repel.  
  d.   Two north poles repel, two south poles attract.  
  Hint    
      
  6.What is the working principle behind an electric generator?  
  a.   Spinning a coil of wire near a permanent magnet induces a current.  
  b.   Like poles attract, different poles repel.  
  c.   Two north poles attract, two south poles repel.  
  d.   All of the above.  
  Hint    
      
  7.A thousand years ago, the Chinese used needles of lodestone to navigate their ships. What kind of magnet were these mariners using?  
  a.   temporary magnets  
  b.   permanent magnets  
  c.   electromagnets  
  d.   induced magnets  
  Hint    
      
  8.It is possible to construct a magnet using a coil of wire and a battery. What can you do with the wire to increase the strength of the magnetic field of your electromagnet?  
  a.   wrap the coil of wire around an iron bar  
  b.   increase the number of coils in the wire  
  c.   increase the voltage of the battery  
  d.   All of the above.  
  Hint    
      
  9.Suppose you find a bar of magnetite and you hang it from a string. The bar swings freely in the air, but the two ends of the bar tend to point north and south. What are the two ends of the bar called?  
  a.   leading poles  
  b.   magnetic poles  
  c.   magnetic fields  
  d.   a dial compass  
  Hint    
      
  10.How are magnetic domains related to magnetism?  
  a.   The magnetic fields of domains of magnetic substances are aligned.  
  b.   The magnetic fields of the domains of non-magnetic substances are not aligned.  
  c.   magnetic fields  
  d.   All of the above.  
  Hint    
      
  11.Where are the magnetic field lines closest together in the magnetic field surrounding a bar magnet?  
  a.   It is impossible to say.  
  b.   at the poles  
  c.   away from the poles  
  d.   between the poles  
  Hint    
      
  12.Suppose you take two bar magnets and you slowly move the north poles of the magnets closer to one another. What do you observe?  
  a.   The poles attract and the force between the poles increases.  
  b.   The poles repel and the force between the poles decreases.  
  c.   The poles attract and the force between the poles decreases.  
  d.   The poles repel and the force between the poles increases.  
  Hint    
      
  13.How do loudspeakers work?  
  a.   An electromagnet is used to vibrate a permanent magnet.  
  b.   A coil of wire is used to make an electromagnet.  
  c.   The poles attract and the force between the poles decreases.  
  d.   All of the above.  
  Hint    
      
  14.If a bar magnet is brought near an iron nail, the nail becomes magnetic and is attracted to the bar magnet. What is the term used to describe the magnetism of the iron nail?  
  a.   magnetic domination  
  b.   induced magnetism  
  c.   temporary magnetism  
  d.   electromagnetism  
  Hint    
      
  15.What happens when a conductor experiences changing magnetic field?  
  a.   An electric current is induced in the conductor.  
  b.   The conductor begins to vibrate.  
  c.   temporary magnetism  
  d.   All of the above.  
  Hint    

 
   
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