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Chapter 5: The Periodic Table

Practice Test
      
  1.What is a family of elements?  
  a.   a row of elements that repeats a periodic trend of chemical properties  
  b.   a group of elements that all occur in the same place in nature  
  c.   a group of elements with the same number of protons and neutrons  
  d.   a group of elements with common chemical and physical properties  
  Hint    
      
  2.How did Mendeleev organize the elements on his periodic table?  
  a.   in order of increasing size  
  b.   in order of increasing number of neutrons  
  c.   in order of increasing mass  
  d.   All of the above.  
  Hint    
      
  3.A certain element is located in Family 1 in the last period. What might the properties of this element be?  
  a.   metallic properties, highly reactive  
  b.   nonmetallic properties, not reactive  
  c.   metallic properties, not reactive  
  d.   nonmetallic properties, highly reactive  
  Hint    
      
  4.What is atomic mass?  
  a.   the average of the atomic numbers of the isotopes found in nature  
  b.   the average mass of the isotopes of an element found in nature  
  c.   the combined number of atomic masses of the naturally occurring isotopes  
  d.   the sum of the mass numbers of the naturally occurring isotopes  
  Hint    
      
  5.On the periodic table, what is a period?  
  a.   a group of elements that all occur in the same place in nature  
  b.   a row of elements that repeats a periodic trend of chemical properties  
  c.   a group of elements with common chemical and physical properties  
  d.   a group of elements with the same number of protons and neutrons  
  Hint    
      
  6.An atom of beryllium has 4 protons and 5 neutrons. What is the mass number of this atom?  
  a.   5  
  b.   9  
  c.   4  
  d.   20  
  Hint    
      
  7.What alkaline earth metal is essential in building healthy strong bones?  
  a.   strontium  
  b.   potassium  
  c.   calcium  
  d.   phosphorus  
  Hint    
      
  8.What is the atomic number of an atom?  
  a.   the number of neutrons in an atom  
  b.   the number of protons in an atom  
  c.   the average mass of the isotopes of an element  
  d.   the number of protons and neutrons in an atom  
  Hint    
      
  9.Why were health experts in Europe worried about strontium-90 released by the Chernobyl disaster?  
  a.   Strontium is the most toxic substance on Earth.  
  b.   Radioactive strontium may take the place of calcium in bones.  
  c.   Strontium is extremely reactive with water.  
  d.   All of the above.  
  Hint    
      
  10.What is the most active nonmetal?  
  a.   cesium  
  b.   carbon  
  c.   helium  
  d.   fluorine  
  Hint    
      
  11.What are isotopes?  
  a.   elements with the same number of protons and neutrons  
  b.   elements with different atomic numbers, but with the same mass number  
  c.   elements with the same number of neutrons, but different number of protons  
  d.   elements with the same atomic number, but different mass numbers  
  Hint    
      
  12.There are 6 dots on the dot diagram for the element tellurium. What Family of the periodic table is tellurium in?  
  a.   16  
  b.   6  
  c.   5  
  d.   52  
  Hint    
      
  13.Where do transition elements fall on the periodic table?  
  a.   elements just left of the stair step line on the periodic table  
  b.   elements in Families 1 and 2  
  c.   elements in Families 3 through 12  
  d.   elements in Family 18  
  Hint    
      
  14.The orange-yellow glow of a street lamp is produced by what alkali metal?  
  a.   sodium  
  b.   mercury  
  c.   sulfur  
  d.   hydrogen  
  Hint    
      
  15.Elements of Family 17 are most likely to combine with elements of what other family?  
  a.   Family 1  
  b.   Family 16  
  c.   Family 17 elements do not combine with other elements.  
  d.   Family 18  
  Hint    

 
   
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