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Chemical Reactions

Practice Test
  1.The law of conservation of mass states that __________ .  
  a.   matter can be created and destroyed but does not change forms  
  b.   in a chemical reaction, the final mass of the products is always greater than the starting mass of the reactants  
  c.   in a chemical reaction, efforts should be made to preserve rare elements without changing them  
  d.   in a chemical reaction, matter is not created or destroyed, but is conserved  
  2.Which of the following is a chemical reaction?  
  a.   dew forming on grass  
  b.   rust forming on a car body  
  c.   water evaporating from salt water leaving salt crystals  
  d.   water freezing into ice  
  3.__________ is a way to describe a chemical reaction using chemical formulas and symbols.  
  a.   Synthesis  
  b.   The law of conservation of matter  
  c.   A chemical equation  
  d.   A physical law  
  4.A change in which one or more substances are converted into new substances is a __________ .  
  a.   chemical fusion  
  b.   nuclear reaction  
  c.   physical change  
  d.   chemical reaction  
  5.The chemical formula for a compound tells __________ .  
  a.   how electrons are arranged  
  b.   what type of chemical bond it forms  
  c.   what elements it contains  
  d.   how stable the compound is  
  6.If electric current passes through water and initiates a decomposition reaction, what are the expected products?  
  a.   hydrogen and oxygen  
  b.   oxygen and water  
  c.   hydrogen oxide  
  d.   hydrogen peroxide  
  7.Some elements usually exist in combinations of two atoms. These combinations are called __________ .  
  a.   ions  
  b.   isotopes  
  c.   diatomic molecules  
  d.   coefficients  
  8.An insoluble compound that comes out of solution during a double displacement reaction is called a __________ .  
  a.   solvent  
  b.   precipitate  
  c.   reactant  
  d.   catalyst  
  9.Why is oxygen written with a subscript 2?  
  a.   Its mass is twice as great as the reactants'.  
  b.   It usually exists as a diatomic molecule.  
  c.   There are two times as many oxygen atoms as reactant atoms.  
  d.   Its mass increases by two times as a result of the reaction.  
  10.When iron combines with oxygen and water in the air to form rust, what substance in the reaction is the product?  
  a.   iron  
  b.   oxygen  
  c.   water  
  d.   rust  
  11.In chemical equations, __________ represent the number of units of each substance.  
  a.   coefficients  
  b.   precipitates  
  c.   products  
  d.   reactants  
  12.Ten grams of mercury(II) oxide react to produce 9.3 g of mercury and oxygen. What is the mass of the oxygen produced?  
  a.   0.7 g  
  b.   1.7 g  
  c.   19.3 g  
  d.   7.0 g  
  13.New substances produced by a chemical reaction are __________ .  
  a.   resultants  
  b.   coefficients  
  c.   products  
  d.   reactants  
  14.What type of reaction produces a precipitate?  
  a.   synthesis  
  b.   decomposition  
  c.   single displacement  
  d.   double displacement  
  15.What does it mean for a chemical equation to be balanced?  
  a.   The solid products weigh the same as the reactants.  
  b.   The number of reactants is equal to the number of products.  
  c.   The same number of atoms of each element is on both sides of the equation.  
  d.   The reactants and the products are written with the same coefficients.  
  16.In a __________ reaction, two or more substances combine to form another substance.  
  a.   single displacement  
  b.   double displacement  
  c.   synthesis  
  d.   decomposition  
  17.A(n) __________ is a substance that speeds up a chemical reaction without being permanently changed itself.  
  a.   inhibitor  
  b.   catalyst  
  c.   exotherm  
  d.   endotherm  
  18.As a result of the experiments of Lavoisier, you know that in a chemical reaction the mass of the products __________.  
  a.   always equals the mass of the reactants  
  b.   is less than the mass of the reactants  
  c.   is twice as great as the mass of the reactants  
  d.   cannot be predicted based on the mass of the reactants  

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