Science Home Product Information Site Map Search Contact Us   Glencoe Online
Quizzes Quiz
 
Chapter 3: Matter — Properties and Changes

Practice Test
      
  1.A form of matter that has a fixed shape and occupies a fixed volume is a _________.  
  a.   solid  
  b.   liquid  
  c.   gas  
  d.   plasma  
  Hint    
      
  2.A characteristic that can be observed or measured without changing the sample’s composition is ________________.  
  a.   a gaseous property  
  b.   chemical property  
  c.   a crystalline property  
  d.   a physical property  
  Hint    
      
  3.A vapor is a _________.  
  a.   condensed state  
  b.   solid  
  c.   gas  
  d.   liquid  
  Hint    
      
  4.Which of the following is not a state of matter?  
  a.   density  
  b.   gas  
  c.   solid  
  d.   liquid  
  Hint    
      
  5.Periods are ___________ on the periodic table.  
  a.   horizontal rows  
  b.   vertical columns  
  c.   left to right diagonals  
  d.   right to left diagonals  
  Hint    
      
  6.How would you read the following chemical reaction?
2Cu + O2 → 2CuO
 
  a.   oxygen yields copper and copper(II) oxide  
  b.   copper(II) oxide yields oxygen and copper  
  c.   copper and oxygen yield copper(II) oxide  
  d.   copper yields oxygen and copper(II) oxide  
  Hint    
      
  7.Which of the following is not a chemical property?  
  a.   placing iron in hydrochloric acid and producing hydrogen gas  
  b.   burning a piece of wood  
  c.   rusting of iron  
  d.   freezing of water  
  Hint    
      
  8.How can you tell when the following reaction is balanced?
2Cu + O2 → 2CuO
 
  a.   mass of the reactants = mass of products  
  b.   volume of reactants = volume of products  
  c.   volume of reactants = mass of products  
  d.   mass of reactants = volume of products  
  Hint    
      
  9.Seawater is not a substance because __________.  
  a.   it has hydrogen as part of its composition  
  b.   its composition may be different from sample to sample  
  c.   it is a liquid  
  d.   it is salty  
  Hint    
      
  10.Which of the following is a pure substance?  
  a.   steam  
  b.   sugar water  
  c.   soda  
  d.   gun powder  
  Hint    
      
  11.Fe2O3 is a(n) _____________.  
  a.   heterogeneous mixture  
  b.   compound  
  c.   homogeneous mixture  
  d.   element  
  Hint    
      
  12.The statement, “Mass can neither be created nor destroyed” is the ____________.  
  a.   law of gravity  
  b.   law of conservation of energy  
  c.   law of conservation of mass  
  d.   law of multiple proportions  
  Hint    
      
  13.Which of the following is a heterogeneous mixture?  
  a.   sugar  
  b.   samples of nitrogen and oxygen in the same container  
  c.   sugar in water  
  d.   samples of argon and iron in the same container  
  Hint    
      
  14.A technique that uses the differences in boiling point to separate homogeneous mixtures is _________.  
  a.   crystallization  
  b.   distillation  
  c.   filtration  
  d.   chromatography  
  Hint    
      
  15.A solution of solids is a(n)___________.  
  a.   alloy  
  b.   heterogeneous mixture  
  c.   filtration  
  d.   pure metal  
  Hint    
      
  16.In the following chemical reaction, how do you classify hydrogen and oxygen?
2H2 + O22H2O
 
  a.   chemical properties  
  b.   physical changes  
  c.   reactants  
  d.   products  
  Hint    
      
  17.When one substance changes identity, it exhibits a(n) __________.  
  a.   intensive property  
  b.   extensive property  
  c.   physical property  
  d.   chemical property  
  Hint    
      
  18.A technique that uses a porous barrier to separate heterogeneous mixtures is _______.  
  a.   filtration  
  b.   chromatography  
  c.   distillation  
  d.   crystallization  
  Hint    
      
  19.Which of the following is a compound?  
  a.   water  
  b.   crude oil  
  c.   neon  
  d.   steel  
  Hint    
      
  20.Matter that has a uniform and unchanging composition is a ___________.  
  a.   mixture  
  b.   vapor  
  c.   substance  
  d.   solid  
  Hint    

 
   
McGraw-Hill / Glencoe
The McGraw-Hill Companies