Section #: 10.1 Movement and Storage of Groundwater

Practice Test
      
  1.Groundwater flow takes place through layers called __________.  
  a.   saturated materials  
  b.   aquifers  
  c.   the zone of saturation  
  d.   aquicludes  
  Hint    
      
  2.According to the figure, what is the lowest part of groundwater storage shown?



 
  a.   soil moisture  
  b.   zone of aeration  
  c.   water table  
  d.   zone of saturation  
  Hint    
      
  3.When does groundwater become surface water?  
  a.   when the water table intersects Earth's surface  
  b.   when a new lake or stream is formed  
  c.   when the rock at Earth's surface has high porosity  
  d.   when the zone of saturation is lowered  
  Hint    
      
  4.Soil can hold water because of its __________.  
  a.   porosity  
  b.   permeability  
  c.   poorly sorted material  
  d.   well-sorted material  
  Hint    
      
  5.How does water get into the atmosphere?  
  a.   infiltration  
  b.   condensation  
  c.   precipitation  
  d.   evaporation  
  Hint    
      
  6.What can be said about the two figures shown?



 
  a.   Sample A has greater porosity.  
  b.   Sample B has greater permeability.  
  c.   Sample A is poorly sorted.  
  d.   Sample B holds the most groundwater.  
  Hint    
      
  7.What is the largest water supply in the world?  
  a.   ice caps and glaciers  
  b.   rivers and lakes  
  c.   groundwater  
  d.   the ocean  
  Hint    
      
  8.If you were going to make a pond in your backyard, which material would you choose to line the bottom?  
  a.   clay  
  b.   a mixture of sand, silt, and clay  
  c.   sand  
  d.   silt  
  Hint    
      
  9.The highest percent of porosity is found in __________.  
  a.   impermeable layers  
  b.   poorly sorted sediments  
  c.   well-sorted materials  
  d.   the water table  
  Hint    
      
  10.Groundwater is __________ percent of the world's water supply.  
  a.   2.15  
  b.   0.009  
  c.   31  
  d.   0.31  
  Hint    
      
  11.How does water get into the ground?  
  a.   condensation  
  b.   precipitation  
  c.   evaporation  
  d.   infiltration  
  Hint    
      
  12.What is the largest freshwater supply in the world?  
  a.   groundwater  
  b.   the ocean  
  c.   ice caps and glaciers  
  d.   rivers and lakes  
  Hint    
      
  13.What is one possible consequence of excessive withdrawal of groundwater?  
  a.   pollution  
  b.   change in sea level  
  c.   subsidence  
  d.   faulty septic tanks  
  Hint    
      
  14.What type of rock has the lowest permeability?  
  a.   shale  
  b.   limestone  
  c.   highly fractured rock  
  d.   sandstone  
  Hint    
      
  15.Water can move through soil because of the soil's __________.  
  a.   permeability  
  b.   porosity  
  c.   well-sorted material  
  d.   impermeable layer  
  Hint    
      
  16.The depth of the water table below the surface of land __________.  
  a.   is always found at a depth of 3 m  
  b.   is above the surface of a swamp  
  c.   varies depending on local conditions  
  d.   is deep below a lake or river  
  Hint    

 
   
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