Section 7.1 Properties of s-Block Elements

Practice Test

Which of the following statements is true of alkali metals?
  a.   They easily lose a valence electron.  
  b.   They do not easily lose valence electrons.  
  c.   They are highly stable.  
  d.   They do not readily conduct electricity.  

Which of the following elements has the lowest first ionization energy?
  a.   B  
  b.   C  
  c.   F  
  d.   Li  
  3.The elements in group 1A are grouped together because they __________.  
  a.   are the lightest elements  
  b.   are all metals  
  c.   are all solids at room temperature  
  d.   all have one valence electron  
  4.Elements in the s-block are found in groups __________.  
  a.   1A and 2A  
  b.   3A through 8A  
  c.   1B and 2B  
  d.   1A through 8A  
  5.Magnesium has more properties in common with aluminum than with calcium. What kind of relationship is demonstrated between these two elements?  
  a.   vertical relationship  
  b.   horizontal relationship  
  c.   diagonal relationship  
  d.   periodic relationship  
  6.Which element is the most abundant in the universe?  
  a.   hydrogen  
  b.   helium  
  c.   lithium  
  d.   oxygen  
  7.Alkali metals will lose electrons to form an ion that carries a charge of ________.  
  a.   1+  
  b.   2+  
  c.   1-  
  d.   2-  
  8.Which metal is the lightest?  
  a.   aluminum  
  b.   magnesium  
  c.   lithium  
  d.   boron  
  9.The most common sodium compound is ________.  
  a.   sodium chloride  
  b.   sodium nitrate  
  c.   sodium hypochlorite  
  d.   sodium phosphate  
  10.Which of the following alkali metals is an important human nutrient?  
  a.   lithium  
  b.   potassium  
  c.   rubidium  
  d.   cesium  
  11.The major metallic element in the human skeleton is _________.  
  a.   beryllium  
  b.   calcium  
  c.   strontium  
  d.   barium  
  12.All of the isotopes of _____ are radioactive.  
  a.   lithium  
  b.   potassium  
  c.   rubidium  
  d.   francium  

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