The Kinetic Theory of Matter

Practice Test
  1.These two elements are liquids at room temperature and pressure.  
  a.   mercury and oxygen  
  b.   lithium and cesium  
  c.   mercury and bromine  
  d.   silver and nitrogen  
  2.The boiling point of methane, CH4, is ___________ than that of water.  
  a.   much lower  
  b.   slightly higher  
  c.   much higher  
  d.   slightly higher  
  3.The motions of particles cause them to spread out in a process known as ____________.  
  a.   condensation  
  b.   diffusion  
  c.   aeration  
  d.   evaporation  
  4.The pressure of a substance in equilibrium with its liquid is called its _________________.  
  a.   freezing point  
  b.   vapor pressure  
  c.   rate  
  d.   temperature  
  5.___________ is the most common form of matter in the universe but the least common on Earth.  
  a.   Solid  
  b.   Plasma  
  c.   Liquid  
  d.   Gas  
  6.A chemical bond that results from a shared pool of valence electrons is called a ____________ bond.  
  a.   metallic  
  b.   polar covalent  
  c.   ionic  
  d.   directional  
  7.Which of these is the electron configuration of an atom most likely to gain an electron?  
  a.   1s2 2s2 2p6  
  b.   1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p5  
  c.   1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s1  
  d.   1s2 2s2 2p6 3s1  
  8.A _________ is a flowing, compressible state of matter that has no definitie shape or volume.  
  a.   solid  
  b.   plasmoid  
  c.   gas  
  d.   liquid  
  9.The most stable arrangement of electrons in an atom's sublevels and orbitals is called its ________________.  
  a.   electronic arrangement  
  b.   electron configuration  
  c.   electron orientation  
  d.   shape  
  10. This useful transition element is the major component in steel.  
  a.   iron  
  b.   tungsten  
  c.   nickel  
  d.   chromium  
  11.What characteristic do atoms in the same group of elements share?  
  a.   They have the same atomic mass.  
  b.   They have the same number of valence electrons.  
  c.   They have similar physical properties.  
  d.   The have the same number of electron orbitals.  
  12.From beryllium to radium, you would expect the chemical reactivities of the elements in Group 2 to ____________.  
  a.   decrease  
  b.   increase, then decrease  
  c.   remain the same  
  d.   increase  
  13.The elements in Groups 1, 2, and 13-17 are called the _____________.  
  a.   alkali metals  
  b.   noble gases  
  c.   transition elements  
  d.   main group elements  
  14.Atoms that transfer electrons form __________ bonds.  
  a.   ionic  
  b.   dative  
  c.   covalent  
  d.   coordinate  
  15.The elements in Groups 1, 2, and 13-17 are called the _____________.  
  a.   main group elements  
  b.   alkali metals  
  c.   noble gases  
  d.   transition elements  
  16.Which pair of elements would you expect to have similar properties?  
  a.   Mg and Ti  
  b.   Li and Fe  
  c.   Si and Ge  
  d.   F and Ne  
  17.Two atoms that share six electrons are said to be joined by a __________ bond.  
  a.   triple  
  b.   hexyl  
  c.   single  
  d.   double  
  18.When strontium atoms react with oxygen atoms, they form __________ bonds.  
  a.   covalent  
  b.   triple  
  c.   ionic  
  d.   polar covalent  

  a.   blue  
  b.   green  
  c.   violet  
  d.   red  
  20.Many transition elements have multiple positive oxidation states because their atoms can lose some of their _______________.  
  a.   d electrons  
  b.   s electrons  
  c.   p electrons  
  d.   nuclear protons  

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