The Kinetic Theory of Matter

Practice Test
  1.These two elements are liquids at room temperature and pressure.  
  a.   lithium and cesium  
  b.   mercury and oxygen  
  c.   mercury and bromine  
  d.   silver and nitrogen  
  2.The elements in Groups 1, 2, and 13-17 are called the _____________.  
  a.   alkali metals  
  b.   transition elements  
  c.   main group elements  
  d.   noble gases  
  3.Many transition elements have multiple positive oxidation states because their atoms can lose some of their _______________.  
  a.   s electrons  
  b.   p electrons  
  c.   d electrons  
  d.   nuclear protons  
  4. The CCl4 molecule is _________________.  
  a.   tetrahedral and polar  
  b.   linear and nonpolar  
  c.   tetrahedral and nonpolar  
  d.   octahedral and polar  

  a.   green  
  b.   violet  
  c.   red  
  d.   blue  
  6.An arrow points in the direction of the _______________ of a polar covalent molecule.  
  a.   positive end  
  b.   bottom  
  c.   center  
  d.   negative end  

The properties of the chemical elements in the periodic table occur in ______________.
  a.   descending sequence  
  b.   repeating patterns  
  c.   do discernable pattern  
  d.   ascending sequence  
  8.A temperature of 0 K is known as _______________.  
  a.   absolute zero  
  b.   the melting point of water  
  c.   0oC  
  d.   the freezing point of air  
  9.Except for hydrogen, the elements that are gases at room temperature are ____________.  
  a.   metals  
  b.   nonmetals  
  c.   actinides  
  d.   metalloids  
  10.Covalent bonding results when this element reacts with fluorine.  
  a.   oxygen  
  b.   iron  
  c.   potassium  
  d.   lithium  
  11.The _____________ of a material is a measure of the average kinetic energy of its particles.  
  a.   temperature  
  b.   rigidity  
  c.   mass  
  d.   volume  
  12.What is the electron configuration of radon?  
  a.   [Xe]5d8  
  b.   [Xe]6s26p6  
  c.   [Rn]6s26p6  
  d.   [Xe]5s25p6  
  13.The type of analysis based on the movements of a stationary phase and a mobile phase is called _____________.  
  a.   phase movement  
  b.   photography  
  c.   titration  
  d.   chromatography  
  14.This Group 13 metal is obtained from its ore in a process that consumes about 5% of the electricity produced in the U.S.  
  a.   thallium  
  b.   aluminum  
  c.   indium  
  d.   gallium  
  15.Heavy elements such as seaborgium are created in _____________.  
  a.   earthquakes  
  b.   particle accelerators  
  c.   test tubes  
  d.   erlenmeyer flasks  
  16.Gas particles _______________ kinetic energy when they collide with other particles or the walls of their container.  
  a.   gain much  
  b.   gain some  
  c.   lose some  
  d.   lose no  
  17.These two Group 15 elements are important components of many fertilizers.  
  a.   antimony and arsenic  
  b.   nitrogen and arsenic  
  c.   bismuth and phosphorus  
  d.   nitrogen and phosphorus  
  18.A _________ is a flowing, compressible state of matter that has no definitie shape or volume.  
  a.   liquid  
  b.   plasmoid  
  c.   solid  
  d.   gas  
  19.1s22s22p1 is the electron configuration for _________.  
  a.   hydrogen  
  b.   boron  
  c.   fluorine  
  d.   lithium  
  20.To prevent unintended reactions, sodium and potassium are kept in _____________.  
  a.   water  
  b.   oil  
  c.   air  
  d.   ice  

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