Chapter 14 SummaryEnglish
Careers in Art
Lesson 1: Careers in Two-Dimensional
If you have art abilities and you enjoy art, this chapter
will introduce you to some exciting career possibilities.
The business world needs art specialists in many areas. Many
positions require computer skills as well as artistic ability.
Graphic designers are artists who translate
ideas into images and arrange them in appealing and memorable
ways. They use computers to produce the art
but still rely on fundamental design principles to create
it. They design the layout of images and text for newspapers,
magazines, and advertisements. Advertising designers create
logos, or symbols or trademarks that
are immediately recognizable. Many businesses also hire
illustrators to create the visual images
that complement written words. Cartoonists also need
strong art skills. These artists create drawings meant to
provoke thought and laughter. People interested in photography,
film/video, and multimedia can find employment in many art-related
fields. Photographers can specialize in many areas including
product and food photography, architectural photography, and
fine art photography. Animators, artists
who create moving cartoons, use their skills in movies,
television, and on the Internet. As animators develop a story
for an animated film they draw storyboards,
a series of still drawings that show the story’s
progress. These provide the outline for the development
of the film. Special effects designers plan the stunts and
illusions in movies in order to make them look real, often
using the skills of a painter, sculptor, and engineer. Artists
also design multimedia presentations; Web sites; and computer,
arcade, and video games. When artists are designing Web sites,
they must balance beauty with function. The Web artist must
make the page visually appealing but easy to use.
Lesson 2: Careers in Three-Dimensional
Art and Education
Today, there are many kinds of designers who plan spaces such
as homes, offices, and landscaping. Architects
design buildings that are well constructed, aesthetically
pleasing, and functional. They must be creative and know
basic engineering concepts, mathematics, and drafting. Urban
planners control the growth and development of entire cities.
Designers who plan playgrounds, parks, and other outdoor areas
are called landscape architects. Interior designers
plan the design and decoration of the interior spaces
in homes and offices. In industrial design, artists plan
the products of industry, such as automobiles and toys. The
things they design must not only be functional but they must
look functional and attractive. Industrial designers
must design a product to do the job for which it was designed,
to look like it can do the job, and to be visually appealing.
Since there are so many different products to design, designers
usually focus on one career specialty such as packaging or
fashion. There are also many opportunities in film, television,
and theater for artistically inclined people. Set designers,
art directors, and costume designers all need strong art skills.
Careers in art education are good for those who like art and
enjoy helping others. Art teachers share their artistic knowledge
and skills with students, and art therapists use art to help
people cope with emotional and physical problems. Museum
curators oversee the operations of museums,
organizing art collections to provide information to visitors.
Fine artists are dedicated to creating their own artworks.
Many fine artists need other jobs to supplement their incomes.
Think about whether you might be suited for a career in the
art world. If you decide you want a career in art, you should
begin working toward that goal while in high school.