Mathematics: Applications & Concepts, Course 2
Mathematics: Applications & Concepts, Course 2 Glencoe Online
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Group Activity Cards

Statistics
and Probability


Use groups of 2.
Flavorful Probabilities

A random number table contains the digits 0 through 9 in random order. In the random number table below, the digits are arranged in groups of three.

Work together to solve the following problem.

A company makes Fruiterrific fruit snacks in the following flavors: cherry, grape, orange, lemon, line, pineapple, banana, strawberry, watermelon, and peach. For the company's trial-size packages three fruit snacks are selected at random. What is the probability that a trial-size package will contain at least two of the same flavor?

You could use cards and items that represent each flavor to find the experimental probability. However, using the random number table would be much easier. If you assign a different digit from 0 through 9 to each flavor, the groups of three numbers in the table are like packages of three snacks. Use the random number table to find the experimental probability of getting a package that contains at least two of the same flavor.

Random number table:
 
121

313

772

673

083

426

812

 
596

684

301

535

795

511

622

 
614

660

569

754

906

871

755

 
405

249

051

110

901

236

410

 
091

141

995

886

722

019

758

 
134

105

785

731

533

327

081

 
464

135

475

019

384

034

824

 
565

122

446

720

194

325

705

 

 
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Mathematics: Applications & Concepts, Course 2