1.   Which statement is true?
A. 8 − 4 < 4 B. 915 = 951
C. 63 < 113 D. 7 + 6 = 14
Hint

2.   Juan paid \$8 for a large flower pot. He paid \$3 for a small flower pot. Show how you can find his total cost using an addition sentence.
A. \$8 + \$3 = \$10 B. \$8 + \$3 = \$12
C. \$8 + \$3 = \$14 D. \$8 + \$3 = \$11
Hint

3.   John is 12 years old. Which number sentence models how old he will be in 5 years?
A. 12 + ___ = 5 B. 12 − ___ = 5
C. 12 − 5 = ___ D. 12 + 5 = ___
Hint

4.   Which number sentence is shown by the model?

A. ___ − 11 = 16 B. 16 + 11 = ___
C. ___ − 16 = 11 D. 16 − 11 = ___
Hint

5.   The − symbol makes which statement true?
A. 42 − 30 = 5 ___ 7 B. 50 ___ 2 = 62 − 10
C. 45 + 10 = 25 ___ 30 D. 33 ___ 11 = 21 + 1
Hint

6.   Use counters to show whether + or − makes the number sentence 8 ___ 6 = 2 true. Explain.
A. −; 8 counters − 6 counters = 2 counters left. B. +; 2 counters + 6 counters = 8 counters altogether.
C. −; 6 counters − 8 counters = 2 counters left. D. +; 6 counters + 2 counters = 8 counters altogether.
Hint

7.   One violin has 4 strings, 2 violins have 8 strings, 3 violins have 12 strings. How many strings will 4 violins have? Make a table to solve the problem. Write a rule.
A. 14; Add 4. B. 20; Multiply by 5.
C. 18; Multiply by 6. D. 16; Multiply by 4.
Hint

8.   How are the input and output in a table related?
A. They are the same. B. The output is always smaller than the input.
C. The input is the result after the rule is applied to the output. D. The output is the result after the rule is applied to the input.
Hint

9.   Clark is 2 years younger than his sister. Use the function table to find Clark’s age when his sister is 4, 5, 6, and 7.

 Rule: Δ − 2 Input (Δ) Output () 4 5 6 7

A. 5, 6, 7, 8 B. 6, 8, 10, 12
C. 3, 4, 5, 6 D. 2, 3, 4, 5
Hint

10.   Since they began playing baseball, Shane always hits 4 fewer homeruns each season than Lyle. Write the function rule.
A. Δ + 4 B. Δ
C. Δ − 4 D. Δ × 4
Hint

11.   The table shows how many miles () the Myrna's have kayaked after different numbers of hours (Δ). Extend the pattern.

 Rule: Δ × 3 Input (Δ) Output () 1 2 3 4

A. 3, 6, 9, 12 B. 1, 6, 9, 12
C. 1, 5, 6, 12 D. 4, 5, 6, 7
Hint

12.   A field hockey team brings 4 times as many oranges to a practice as apples. Use a function table to find how many oranges they bring when they bring 8, 9, 10, and 11 apples to practice.
A. 32, 36, 40, 44 B. 12, 13, 14, 15
C. 32, 36, 44, 48 D. 4, 5, 6, 7
Hint