1.   Which statement is true?
A. 780 < 560 B. 4 + 6 = 12
C. 301 < 246 D. 18 − 3 = 15
Hint

2.   Find 9 − 2.
A. 7 B. 6
C. 5 D. 8
Hint

3.   Lucilla paid \$8 for a notebook, \$3 for a pen, and \$36 for a bookpack. Which number sentence shows how much she spent altogether?
A. (\$d × 3) + \$8 = \$20; \$4 B. \$20 – \$8 – \$3 = d; \$4
C. \$20 – \$8 – \$d = \$3; \$4 D. \$8 + \$3 + d = \$20; \$4
Hint

4.   How can you model 18 − 6 with a picture?
A. Draw 18 objects. Then draw 6 more. B. Draw 18 objects and cross out 6.
C. Draw 18 objects and cross out 12. D. Draw 6 objects. Then draw 18 more.
Hint

5.   Use models to write an expression and a number sentence. Then solve.

A school bought 15 calculators this year. Next year they will buy 5 fewer calculators. How many will they buy next year?

A. 5 + 15; 5 + 15 = 20 B. 15 + 5; 15 + 5 = 20
C. 15 − 5; 15 − 5 = 10 D. 5 − 15; 5 − 15 = 10
Hint

6.   The + symbol makes which statement true?
A. 20 − 4 = 4 ___ 12 B. 35 ___ 30 = 10 − 5
C. 6 ___ 3 = 1 + 2 D. 3 + 4 = 14 ___ 7
Hint

7.   The table shows how much snow a ski mountain received on different days. Find the rule for the table. Then find the missing number.

 Rule: ___ Input 1 2 3 4 Output 3 6 9

A. Multiply by 3; 15 B. Multiply by 3; 12
C. Multiply by 2; 12 D. Multiply by 2; 14
Hint

8.   The table shows the number of wheels on different numbers of bicycles. Find the rule for the table. Then find the missing number.

 Rule: ___ Input 1 2 3 4 Output 2 4 6

A. Multiply by 2; 8 B. Multiply by 8; 8
C. Multiply by 3; 12 D. Multiply by 4; 8
Hint

9.   Alex's mother drives 10 more miles to work than his father does. Use the function table to find how many miles Alex's mother drives than his father drives for 3, 6, 9, and 12 miles.

 Rule: Δ + 10 Input (Δ) Output () 3 6 9 12

A. 7, 4, 1, 2 B. 2, 1, 4, 7
C. 13, 14, 15, 16 D. 13, 16, 19, 22
Hint

10.   A can of cat food costs \$1 less than a can of dog food. Find the cost of a can of cat food if the dog food costs \$2, \$3, \$4, or \$5.
A. \$1, \$2, \$3, \$4 B. \$3, \$4, \$5, \$6
C. \$4, \$5, \$6, \$7 D. \$2, \$3, \$4, \$5
Hint

11.   Each week Jaime saves half as much money () as Cassie saves (Δ). Write the rule that describes the pattern.
A. Δ + 2 B. Δ × 2
C. Δ ÷ 2 D. Δ − 2
Hint

12.   The table shows how many points () different numbers of stars (Δ) have. Describe the pattern.

 Rule: Δ × 5 Input (Δ) Output () 1 5 2 10 3 15 4 20

A. The number of points is 5 more than the number of stars. B. The number of stars is 5 times the number of points.
C. The number of points is 5 times the number of stars. D. The number of stars is 5 more than the number of points.
Hint