

1. 
The equation x + 3 = 5 is modeled below. To solve this problem using the model, what should you do first? 





A. 
Add 5 negative counters to the left side of the mat. 


B. 
Add 3 positive counters to each side of the mat. 


C. 
Remove 5 positive counters from the right side of the mat. 


D. 
Remove 3 positive counters from each side of the mat. 


Hint 


2. 
The temperature rose 34°F from 7:00 A.M. to 5:00 P.M. The temperature was 88°F at 5:00 P.M. Use the equation t + 34 = 88 to find the temperature at 7:00 A.M. 


A. 
52°F 
B. 
54°F 


C. 
62°F 
D. 
44°F 


Hint 


3. 
Solve x + 9 = 11. 


A. 
11 
B. 
2 


C. 
2 
D. 
9 


Hint 


4. 
Solve 1 = p – 16. 


A. 
16 
B. 
1 


C. 
15 
D. 
17 


Hint 


5. 
Solve 3.2 + y = 8.7. 


A. 
5.5 
B. 
11.9 


C. 
3.2 
D. 
8.7 


Hint 


