1. | At noon the temperature was 64°. The change in temperature each hour afterward is shown in the table. What was the temperature after the third hour? |
|||||

62° | 65° | |||||

63° | 64° | |||||

Hint | ||||||

2. | What are the rules for the order of operations? | |||||

Perform each operation as it appears in order from left to right. | ||||||

Add and subtract in order from left to right. Then multiply or divide in order from left to right. | ||||||

First add, then subtract, then multiply, and then divide. | ||||||

Multiply and divide in order from left to right. Then add or subtract in order from left to right. | ||||||

Hint | ||||||

3. | Find the value of 18 – 3 × 5 – 2. | |||||

1 | 45 | |||||

73 | 8 | |||||

Hint | ||||||

4. | Evaluate 6 · 7 – 2p if p = 5. |
|||||

150 | 32 | |||||

420 | 200 | |||||

Hint | ||||||

5. | Solve 16 = k + 10 using mental math. |
|||||

6 | 10 | |||||

9 | 8 | |||||

Hint | ||||||

6. | Volleyball courts are rectangular and measure about 18 meters by 9 meters. What is the area of a volleyball court? | |||||

162 m^{2} |
27 m^{2} |
|||||

92 m^{2} |
54 m^{2} |
|||||

Hint | ||||||

7. | A composite number ______. | |||||

has more than two factors | is the number 2 | |||||

is a number less than 1 | has exactly two factors | |||||

Hint | ||||||

8. | Find the prime factorization of 32. | |||||

2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 | 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 | |||||

2 × 3 | 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 | |||||

Hint | ||||||

9. | You want to jog of a mile, and you know that a mile is 5,280 feet. How far, in feet, do you want to jog? | |||||

14,080 ft | 1,980 ft | |||||

1,875 ft | 1,320 ft | |||||

Hint | ||||||

10. | Your parents tell you that they will give you a weekly allowance of $2 every time you do the dishes, $5 every time you sweep the floor, and $3 every time you pull weeds. How much money will you get if you do the dishes three times, sweep the floor once, and pull weeds twice in a week? | |||||

$60 | $10 | |||||

$23 | $17 | |||||

Hint | ||||||

11. | Write 7^{3} as a product. |
|||||

3 · 3 · 3 · 3 · 3 · 3 | 7 · 7 · 7 · 7 | |||||

7 · 7 · 7 | 3 · 3 · 3 · 3 · 3 · 3 · 3 | |||||

Hint | ||||||

12. | Solve 3 = 9 – n using mental math. |
|||||

3 | 6 | |||||

9 | 7 | |||||

Hint | ||||||

13. | Find the missing output values for the function table. | |||||

4, 5, 6 | 0, 4, 8 | |||||

3, 2, 1 | 40, 41, 42 | |||||

Hint | ||||||

14. | Find the rule for the function table. | |||||

3n ÷ 4 |
||||||

n ÷ 3 |
n × 2 |
|||||

n − 2 |
3n ÷ 4 |
|||||

Hint | ||||||

15. | Write the prime factorization of 84 using exponents. | |||||

2^{2} × 3^{3} × 7 |
2^{2} × 3 × 7 |
|||||

2^{2} × 21 |
2^{3} × 3 × 7 |
|||||

Hint | ||||||

16. | The measurements of two different rectangular swimming pools are 35 feet by 13 feet and 41 feet by 12 feet. What is the difference in their areas? | |||||

43 square feet | 37 square feet | |||||

113 square feet | 63 square feet | |||||

Hint | ||||||

17. | ORDER OF OPERATIONS Use the symbols +, −, ×, or ÷ to make the following sentence true. Use each symbol only once.5 □ 2 □ 6 □ 1 = 16 |
|||||

5 + 2 × 6 − 1 = 16 | 5 + 2 − 6 × 1 = 16 | |||||

5 − 2 + 6 × 1 = 16 | 5 × 2 − 6 ÷ 1 = 16 | |||||

Hint | ||||||

18. | GROCERIES A family purchased milk and bread at the grocery store. Each gallon of milk cost $2.75, and each loaf of bread cost $1.50. If the family spent a total of $10 on 5 items, how many of each did they buy? |
|||||

4 gallons of milk and 1 loaf of bread | 3 gallons of milk and 2 loaves of bread | |||||

2 gallons of milk and 3 loaves of bread | 1 gallon of milk and 4 loaves of bread | |||||

Hint | ||||||

19. | Find the difference. 564 − 35 |
|||||

539 | 529 | |||||

531 | 599 | |||||

Hint | ||||||

20. | Find the sum. | |||||

83 | 72 | |||||

73 | 82 | |||||

Hint | ||||||