p. 76 Minerals
A Ė Z
Visit this site by The Mineral and Gemstone Kingdom (a private Web
site) to find out everything you might want to know about over 150 minerals.
You can sort minerals here by their properties, chemistry, or elemental
affiliations. There are wonderful images of minerals at this site as
well. Under sort method, click on color, then on the color blue to see
a list of blue minerals. Then click on corundum to see how this mineral
is classified. Click on pictures to see images of minerals in the corundum
At this USGS site you can find out about the quality, quantity,
and availability of mineral resources in the United States. Scroll down
and click on mineral resources online spatial data and click on any
state to find out about the mineral resources located there. You can
zoom in and out or use the identify tool to find out what you are looking
at. Be patient; zooming in takes a little time to load.
Museum of Natural History
the Smithsonian Institution for a virtual tour of the Janet Annenberg Hooker
Hall of Geology, Gems, and Minerals at the National Museum of Natural History.
Click on for more information about the hall to begin your tour. Which of the
specimens in the Hall do you think was the most expensive? Why?
p. 85 Mineral
is a site by Rogue Community College and Grants Pass High School in Oregon in
support of the geology classes given at these two schools. Scroll down to mineral
and rock identification and click on index to mineral and rock identification.
Then click on for more information about mineral identification, and finally
on mineral identification tests: summary of procedures. How can you determine
the hardness of a mineral in the field? What object can you use to determine
a hardness of 5.5?
Physical Characteristics of Minerals
Visit this Web site to learn more about the physical characteristics
of minerals beyond color, luster, hardness, density, crystal structure,
and fracture patterns, including fluorescence, magnetism, and feel.
Scroll down and click on odor to find out which mineral is most easily
identified by its smell. Is smell a reliable characteristic to use to
identify most minerals? Why or why not?
this is a commercial site that sells mineral specimens, it also contains a wealth
of information about each mineral. Explore the information available at this
site by picking any mineral and looking for it in the list on the left-hand
side of the screen. For example, scroll down and click on amethyst to find out
about this variety of quartz. The purple color of amethyst once was reserved
for royalty alone, so why isnít amethyst an expensive gemstone?
you are employed by a mining company and you are given six mineral samples collected
from an unknown location. Your task is to identify the samples. How would you
go about identifying your samples? At this cool site, you can subject your samples
to various tests in a virtual testing lab. Although this site is offered for
students in a geology course at Brooklyn College, City University of New York,
anyone can play along. Try it, youíll like it. You can choose several mineral
samples to subject to every test to determine what each sample is. Begin by
printing out the sample forms so you can keep track of the results of each test
for each sample. Then choose a test by clicking on that button. For example,
you could choose the button for color determination. The next screen explains
the test. Then click on the grey bar that says go to the virtual color testing
lab. Choose a sample number from the left-hand menu, say #6, and click on it.
The #6 mineral sample will appear at the right. Pan over the color chart until
you find a color that matches your sample. Enter this color on your form for
sample #6. Finally, do the color test for as many samples as you want, then
go on to the next test. Good luck!