Chapter 6: Development of Congressional
The wording of the Constitution
is unclear regarding certain types of powers for either Congress
or the president. Furthermore, as we continue to change as
a nation, the role of government also changes. Chapter 6 deals
with the various types of government powers and how they are
Section 1 introduces various
congressional powers and how they are used to make appropriate
laws for our nation. The Constitution describes the expressed
powers of Congress. It also includes the necessary and
proper clause, which implies that Congress has powers
beyond the expressed powers. These implied powers helps Congress
to expand its role to meet the needs of a growing nation.
Section 2 discusses how
congressional powers are used to conduct investigations and
use legislative oversight. Although the Constitution does
not address the act of Congress conducting investigations,
such investigations can be conducted for many reasons and
may last for many months. Investigations can also be associated
with the power of legislative oversight.
Section 3 interprets the
relationship between the legislative and executive branches.
The checks and balances system gives both Congress and the
president the ability to counteract each other. Partisan political
differences can sometimes be the foundation for these counteractions.
In recent decades, the president's party has rarely controlled
either house of Congress, creating differences among the branches.