Chapter 8: The Presidency
The office of the president has
been developing over the last 200 years just as our nation
has. During this time, the powers of the president have changed
to match the needs of the changing country. Chapter 8 explores
the powers, traditions, and roles of the president.
Section 1 deals with the
duties of the president and vice president and how they work
together. The president has a great deal of power and responsibility.
For example, the Constitution makes the president commander-in-chief
of the military. The vice president does not have as many
powers as the president, but does have two major responsibilities.
First, the vice president presides over the Senate and second,
if the president is disabled, the vice president must fulfill
Section 2 discusses the
Electoral College and the issues concerned with electing a
president. Originally, it was decided that Congress would
choose the president, but this method was dismissed because
it violated the principle of separation of powers. Alexander
Hamilton proposed an indirect method of election called the
Electoral College. This system remains the method for electing
a president and vice president.
Section 3 deals with the
role of the cabinet and its relationship with the president.
The president has the responsibility of appointing the secretaries
that will head the executive departments. The Senate must
then approve the appointees. Members of the cabinet act as
advisers to the president, but also manage their executive
Section 4 introduces the
various components of the Executive Office of the President
(EOP) and how they relate to the president. The EOP was created
by Franklin D. Roosevelt in an effort to manage the many programs
and services of the growing government. Today, each EOP agency
varies in size from administration to administration, depending
on the goals of the president.