Chapter 10: The Federal Bureaucracy
American citizens deal with many
of the government bureaus and agencies that make up the federal
bureaucracy. Chapter 10 introduces the components of a bureaucratic
organization and discusses its advantages and disadvantages.
Section 1 deals with the
components of bureaucratic organization and their functions
in the federal government. Hundreds of agencies make up the
federal bureaucracy. They are organized as cabinet departments,
independent agencies, and regulatory commissions. The majority
of these departments and agencies belong to the executive
branch and help to see that laws are carried out.
Section 2 introduces the
civil service system and evaluates its effectiveness. The
civil service system was put in place in order to correct
the spoils system. Under the spoils system, presidents were
able to fire government employees and hire those that shared
their views. The civil service system established employment
on a basis of open, competitive examinations and merit.
Section 3 discusses the
advantages and disadvantages of the bureaucratic system. In
recent years federal agencies have begun to take a role in
making key decisions. Decisions such as safety rules and regulations
that help implement and carry out laws have been introduced.
One of the disadvantages to this new role involves the great
deal of paperwork created in successfully completing a task.