In this chapter students learned about constitutional rights
and the various freedoms protected by the Bill of Rightsfreedom
of religion, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, and
freedom of assembly, to name a few. They also have learned
that today people's rights are protected at both the state
and federal level because of the nationalization of the Bill
of Rights. In this activity students will take a closer look
at the milestones in this process.
Students will visit the American Political Science Association's
Web site to learn more about the nationalization of our nation's
Bill of Rights. They will read about landmark Supreme Court
cases that led to amended interpretations of the Constitution
and answer questions pertaining to this topic. Students will
then write an essay about one of the court cases discussed
on the Web site.
- Students will be able to recognize the connection between
the Fourteenth Amendment and the issue of nationalization.
- Students will recognize that parts of the Constitution
have not been nationalized.
Student Web Activity Answers
Go to Student Web Activity
- The nationalization of the Bill of Rights is based on
the Fourteenth Amendment, which prohibits the states from
depriving any person of life, liberty, or property without
"due process of law."
- In this case, the Supreme Court expanded the concept of
due process to include substantive as well as procedural
rights, which had a major impact on the nationalization
of the Bill of Rights.
- In this case, the Court ruled that a criminal trial must
be fair "in fact as well as form" to uphold the standard
of due process.
- The Second and Third Amendments, the "grand jury indictment"
clause of the Fifth Amendment, the Seventh Amendment's requirements
of jury trials in civil cases, and the "excessive fines
and bail" clause of the Eighth Amendment are the only rights
expressed in the Bill of Rights that have not (yet) been
- Students' essays will vary.