In this chapter students learned about United States foreign
policy, how the executive and legislative branches share foreign
policy powers, the roles of the Departments of State and Defense,
and the tools of foreign policy. They also learned that the
Department of State was the first executive department created
and that the secretary of state ranks in importance just below
the president and vice president. In this activity students
will take a closer look at this influential department.
Students will visit the U.S. State Department Web site to
learn more about the duties and responsibilities of the secretary
of state and the mission and structure of the department.
They will then create a résumé for an imaginary person applying
for the position of secretary of state.
- Students will be able to summarize the duties of the secretary
- Students will be able to define the primary mission of
the State Department.
Student Web Activity Answers
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- Students' answers may vary, but could include that the
secretary of state serves as the president's chief foreign
affairs adviser, conducts negotiations relating to U.S.
foreign affairs, advises the president on the appointment
of U.S. ambassadors and other diplomats, supervises the
administration of U.S. immigration laws abroad, supervises
the U.S. Foreign Service, and many others.
- The State Department is the primary institution for conducting
United States diplomacy, seeking to defend U.S. interests,
respond to crises, and achieve the international goals of
the United States.
- The Department is headed by the secretary of state, who
is aided by a deputy secretary and five undersecretaries
who serve as the Department's corporate board on foreign
policy in the areas of political affairs; economic, business,
and agricultural affairs; arms control and international
security; global affairs; and management.
- The colors on the seal are taken from the United States
flagwhite symbolizes purity and innocence, red hardiness
and valor, and blue perseverance and justice. The shield
is supported only by an eagle to symbolize that the United
States should rely on its own virtues. The number 13, used
in the bundle of arrows, the stripes on the shield, and
the stars in the constellation, symbolizes the original
13 colonies. The olive branch and arrows symbolize the powers
of war and peace. The motto E Pluribus Unum symbolizes
the unity of the 13 states.
- Students' résumés will vary but should conform to standard