Chapter 1: Introducing Psychology
Chapter 1 is an overview of psychology, the scientific study
of behavior and mental processes.
1 describes the reasons psychologists study human behavior
and the goals of psychology. Learning about psychology can
help students gain a better understanding of their own behaviors,
knowledge about how psychologists study human and animal behavior,
and practical applications for enriching their lives.
2 explores the historical approaches to psychology, including
structuralism, functionalism, inheritable traits, and Gestalt
psychology. Today, the most important approaches to the study
of psychology are the psychoanalytic, behavioral, humanistic,
cognitive, and biological approaches. The newest approach
to psychology, the sociocultural approach, analyzes the effects
of culture, politics, and socioeconomics on behavior.
Section 3 discusses the work of psychologists, details
the differences between psychiatrists and psychologists, and
discusses the many specialty fields in psychology, including
clinical, developmental, educational, community, industrial/organizational,
and experimental psychology.