In this chapter students learned about the American Revolution and the sacrifices and struggles of the many colonists who fought for their independence. At some points, such as during the winter at Valley Forge, the Continental Army's chances of success appeared very bleak. In the fall of 1781, however, George Washington led his troops to victory over the British, at the small Virginia town of Yorktown. In this activity students will discover how that victory was achieved.
In this lesson students will read a detailed account of the battle of Yorktown. They will learn Washington's strategy and the effect weather can play on military plans. After answering several questions, they will write a song that the Americans might have played at the surrender. The words to The World Turned Upside Down are in the textbook on page 183. A discussion on the appropriateness of this tune to the surrender would lay a foundation for the activity.
- The learner will be able to identify the importance of French help in winning the Battle of Yorktown.
- The learner will be able to describe the events of the Battle of Yorktown.
- The learner will be able to create a song that expresses American emotions at the British surrender.
Student Web Activity Answers
- Washington's men built big army camps and large brick ovens that were visible from New York to make it appear as though they were preparing to stay. Washington also prepared false papers discussing plans for attacking Clinton, and allowed those papers to fall into British hands.
- the Battle of the Capes
- There were 10 enclosed forts (called redoubts), batteries with artillery, and connecting trenches.
- A violent windstorm arose and scattered the boats the British were using to escape.
- Students' songs will vary.
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