The life of Gandhi closely parallels the development of the Indian independence movement. In this activity students will learn about the evolution of Gandhi's ideas, Gandhi's actions as a practitioner of nonviolence, and his achievements as a leader of the independence movement.
Students will go to the Mahatma Gandhi Web site to read about Gandhi's life and his role in the Indian independence movement. Students will answer a series of questions about the main article. They will then read a commentary on Gandhi and analyze the article.
- Students will be able to discuss the life of Mahatma Gandhi as it relates to the independence movement in India.
- Students will be able to apply what they have learned by analyzing an article about Gandhi and the status of women in India.
Student Web Activity Answers
- Satyagraha is a term Gandhi developed to signify his theory and practice of non-violent resistance.
- The non-cooperation movement called on Indians to withdraw from British institutions, return honors conferred by the British, and learn the art of self-reliance. The movement paralyzed the British administration in India, but it was suspended in 1922 when 20 Indian policemen were killed by a crowd. Gandhi was arrested, convicted of sedition, and sentenced to six years in prison.
- Gandhi regarded "separate electorates" as a form of discrimination against India's oppressed class of dalits, known at the time as "untouchables."
- Tagore showed his respect for Gandhi by giving him the title mahatma, meaning "great soul."
- Students' analyses will vary but should include the article's main points and some detail about the conditions of Indian women during Gandhi's time.
Go To Student Web Activity