By the 1700s, people in the western world had new ideas about government. They were less willing to be ruled without having a voice in government. They also wanted equal justice under the law. Thinkers and writers began spreading ideas about freedom and the right of people to change the government to meet their needs. Chapter 32 focuses on these ideas and how they led to revolution in England, France, and the United States.
Section 1 describes the new ideas of the people and the conflicts between the king and Parliament that led to revolution in England beginning in the 1600s.
Section 2 explains the conflicts between England and its American colonies that led to revolution and the forming of an independent country. The United States adopted a constitution that set up a new form of government based on the principles of popular sovereignty and limited government.
Section 3 focuses on how the American Revolution influenced the people of France to revolt against the unjust use of power by the French monarchy. The section explains how the French Revolution expressed the lasting idea that people had the right to choose their government.