Chapter 34 focuses on the many changes that took place in the United States, Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean Islands, and South America between 1800 and the early 1900s.
Section 1 describes the representative government that developed in the United States in the years after winning independence from England, and how and why the United States expanded its boundaries during the 1800s. The concept of manifest destiny is explained and the growth of the United States from east to west is shown on a map. The section discusses the different ways of life in the northern and southern states that led to the Civil War and explains the cultural changes that came about in the United States as a result of industrialization.
Section 2 explains how the people in Latin America were inspired by the American and French revolutions to fight for their own independence from European rule. The section focuses on revolutions in the Caribbean Islands, Mexico, Central America, and Brazil, and describes the governments that developed in these newly independent countries.